Physical Characteristics

Bayombong is one of the biggest towns of the province that is most compact in terms of population and attractively situated amidst surrounding mountain ranges. It welcomes visitors with its colorful history, distinctively oriental cultural heritage and splendid panorama of natural environment. It enjoys a tropical climate with relatively high humidity, mild temperature, abundant rainfall, brilliant sunlight and gentle winds.

Bayombong, a first class municipality of the Provincial Capital of Nueva Vizcaya. It is the center of government institutions where most government buildings and offices, national and provincial, as well as major educational institutions are located. With the above circumstances, migrants flock the area for education and employment, in private and in government offices.

Bayombong is identified as the growth center of the province. It serves as a linkage to development effort and endeavor between the province of Nueva Vizcaya and the regional center. Development programs, projects and plans of and for the municipality are pursued by the ambitious and development goal-oriented municipal leaders of Bayombong.

The municipality’s economy lies heavily on agriculture. It is the primary source of livelihood of the people. About 5,138 has. (33.18%) of the land area is devoted to agriculture wherein the primary crop planted is palay, while the secondary crops are corn and root crops.

Geographic Size and Location

Bayombong is bounded on the North by the Municipality of Solano, on the East by the Municipality of Quezon on the South by the Municipality of Bambang, on the Southwest by the Municipality of Kayapa, and on the West by the Municipality of Ambaguio, all in the Province of Nueva Vizcaya. The Municipal Government Center is approximately at 16°28’58.54”N, 121°9’5.22”E, Lat/Long WGS-84 coordinates.

Bayombong is located approximately 266 kilometers, more or less, North of Manila. It has a total land area of 16,161.59 hectares, as per Political Boundary Survey Pb-02-000132 conducted from March 1, 2012 to August 2012 by the joint Department of Environment and Natural Resources Land Management Sector (DENR-LMS) Survey

Team and the LGU-Bayombong Technical Working Group, in coordination with the administration of the different adjacent municipalities. The political boundary survey of the Municipality of Bayombong was completed with utmost technical and political considerations through series of surveys and dialogues with every adjacent municipalities, resulting to the resolutions of all grey areas and boundary disputes, making LGU-Bayombong distinct as the only Municipality in the Province of Nueva Vizcaya with no political boundary dispute.


Population Size And Distribution, Population Growth Rate And Population Density

The municipality has a total population count of 61,512 based on POPCEN 2015 results that was proclaimed by the President under Proclamation Order No. 1269 dated 13 of May 2016. The average annual population growth of the municipality for the period covering 2000-2010, is 1.39%, for the period covering 2010-2015 is 1.36%, for the period covering 2000-2015 is 1.38%.


The 5,138.00 hectares being use for agriculture covers some mountain areas posing threats to environmental degradation. The primary crop planted is palay, which is grown during the rainy season, while the secondary crops are corn and vegetables. Only about 3,201.38 hectares are used for this type of crop production while the rest of agricultural areas are planted to fruit trees. Irrigation rate on crop areas is only a mere 68.68%

Since the municipality’s topography is basically mountainous there are limited livestock productions. It is observed that there are some commercial poultry and Piggery farms located in some barangays.

The municipality’s bodies of water are under-utilized in the fishing industry although the volume and quality of water grow various fish species like tilapia, mudfish and catfish.


The commercial of the municipality is found in the existing urban (Brgy. Don Mariano Perez) but the commodities are limited to cater the needs of the populace. The only agro-industrial development-taking place in the municipality is the proliferation of rice mills and feed mills. There is no industrial development except for few cottage industries that are housed in the residential area.

There is available gravel and sand mostly found in Brgys. Vista Alegre, Bonfal Proper, Bonfal East and Magapuy.


The illiteracy is quite low at the rate of 4.76%, originating more in the rural areas because of high incidence of poverty that unable parent send their children to school. There are 9 secondary schools that are landing places of elementary graduates and the school participation rate is 94.33%. One out of the secondary schools is becoming overcrowded, hence, requiring additional classrooms to accommodate future students. There are 3 tertiary schools and 5 vocational institutes that high school graduates.

Bayombong operates Rural Health Center but have inadequate number of health personnel compared to the population they serve with the ratio of 1:8,841. Aside from the Barangay Health Units present in every barangay, the health personnel regularly render on-site-services to barangays utilizing their respective Barangay Health Stations (BHSs), but only 5out of the 25 barangays have BHSs. There are repeated occurrences of diarrhea among infants and children, which may be caused by unsafe water and poor sanitation habits.

The municipality’s average malnutrition rate is 5.81% over the three-year period (2013 to 2015), which is accredited for having a fair prevalence among the municipalities in the province. Majority of households uses sanitary toilet facilities.

The municipality experiences decreasing housing deficiency at 9.11% annually. About 49.93% of all housing units use low quality materials.


The municipality has a total network of 861.290 kilometers. With the current population, it has a road density of 16.47 kilometers per 1,000 populations, which is above the standard acceptable ratio of 2.40. Though about 73.13% of the roads are above standard, there are still roads which are not graveled.

Being bounded by 4 municipalities, there are 4 regular and non-regular exit points. The regular exit points are those with transportation systems routing the area and going to neighboring towns. The frequency of trips in Solano Exit 3 however, is very limited that makes economic activities dull.

The Nueva Vizcaya Electric Cooperative (NUVELCO) supplies electricity to the municipality. Majority of the25 barangays of Bayombong are fully energized however some sitios in upland barangays are not yet provided electricity by NUVELCO.

There is a Centralized Water System (Level III) in the designated urban area but supply of water is inadequate to the different barangays. There are two waterworks operating in the municipality (Provincial Waterworks System and Balibago Waterworks System, Inc.). Rural barangays mostly depend on spring water systems but they need rehabilitation to ensure permanency and potability of water supply.

Four major companies have installed their telecommunication facilities in the municipality. The area coverage is the designated urban area barangays and 9 barangays in the rural areas.


With the limited commercial and industrial activities, the municipality is still free of air and noise pollution. It has an existing Sanitary Land Fill (SLF) and Ecological Park located at Upper Magsaysay and Upper Busilac, Bayombong, Nueva Vizcaya. The municipality through the Municipal Environment and Natural Resources Office is now in the process of reconciling the 2014 updated 10-year SWM plan and its legitimization. The municipal LGU will act on the formulation of IRR for the Bayombong Environment Code and Plastic Ordinance for the protection of the environment. The Forest Land Use Plan (FLUP) should also be updated by 2017.  Monitoring of individual property rights (IPR) issued to upland farmers in the Co-Management area located in Bansing and Magapuy should be conducted the soonest to ensure compliance to MOA. Preparation of Health and Sanitation Code should be given preferential attention.

There are nine cemeteries located in different barangays which caters to the municipality of Bayombong. The main cemetery is operated by the Municipal Local Government of Bayombong which is located at Barangay Don Mariano Perez and Barangay Luyang.