Social Framework Profile


The illiteracy is quite low at the rate of 4.76%, originating more in the rural areas because of high incidence of poverty that unable parent send their children to school. There are 9 secondary schools that are landing places of elementary graduates and the school participation rate is 94.33%. One out of the secondary schools is becoming overcrowded, hence, requiring additional classrooms to accommodate future students. There are 3 tertiary schools and 5 vocational institutes that high school graduates.

Bayombong operates Rural Health Center but have inadequate number of health personnel compared to the population they serve with the ratio of 1:8,841. Aside from the Barangay Health Units present in every barangay, the health personnel regularly render on-site-services to barangays utilizing their respective Barangay Health Stations (BHSs), but only 5out of the 25 barangays have BHSs. There are repeated occurrences of diarrhea among infants and children, which may be caused by unsafe water and poor sanitation habits.

The municipality’s average malnutrition rate is 5.81% over the three-year period (2013 to 2015), which is accredited for having a fair prevalence among the municipalities in the province. Majority of households uses sanitary toilet facilities.

The municipality experiences decreasing housing deficiency at 9.11% annually. About 49.93% of all housing units use low quality materials.


The municipality has a total network of 861.290 kilometers. With the current population, it has a road density of 16.47 kilometers per 1,000 populations, which is above the standard acceptable ratio of 2.40. Though about 73.13% of the roads are above standard, there are still roads which are not graveled.

Being bounded by 4 municipalities, there are 4 regular and non-regular exit points. The regular exit points are those with transportation systems routing the area and going to neighboring towns. The frequency of trips in Solano Exit 3 however, is very limited that makes economic activities dull.

The Nueva Vizcaya Electric Cooperative (NUVELCO) supplies electricity to the municipality. Majority of the25 barangays of Bayombong are fully energized however some sitios in upland barangays are not yet provided electricity by NUVELCO.

There is a Centralized Water System (Level III) in the designated urban area but supply of water is inadequate to the different barangays. There are two waterworks operating in the municipality (Provincial Waterworks System and Balibago Waterworks System, Inc.). Rural barangays mostly depend on spring water systems but they need rehabilitation to ensure permanency and potability of water supply.

Four major companies have installed their telecommunication facilities in the municipality. The area coverage is the designated urban area barangays and 9 barangays in the rural areas.


With the limited commercial and industrial activities, the municipality is still free of air and noise pollution. It has an existing Sanitary Land Fill (SLF) and Ecological Park located at Upper Magsaysay and Upper Busilac, Bayombong, Nueva Vizcaya. The municipality through the Municipal Environment and Natural Resources Office is now in the process of reconciling the 2014 updated 10-year SWM plan and its legitimization. The municipal LGU will act on the formulation of IRR for the Bayombong Environment Code and Plastic Ordinance for the protection of the environment. The Forest Land Use Plan (FLUP) should also be updated by 2017.  Monitoring of individual property rights (IPR) issued to upland farmers in the Co-Management area located in Bansing and Magapuy should be conducted the soonest to ensure compliance to MOA. Preparation of Health and Sanitation Code should be given preferential attention.

There are nine cemeteries located in different barangays which caters to the municipality of Bayombong. The main cemetery is operated by the Municipal Local Government of Bayombong which is located at Barangay Don Mariano Perez and Barangay Luyang.